Freeflight E.P - C.P - PILOT Exam Questions.


Exam Questions If you are on a course with Freeflight and are working towards your Elementary, Club or Pilots exam then try and answer the following questions. The answers to each section are at the bottom of the page, please try and answer the question first before looking at the answers.




1: What are the rules regarding use of red streamers?


2: What is the rule for static kiting?


3: Describe a stalled wing.


4: Low pressure- which way does it rotate?


5: High pressure- which way does it rotate?


6: How does a wing produce lift?


7: While flying top to bottom your glider suffers a collapse on the left hand side- what should be the first reaction? Your height at this time is 200ft


8: You are flying with the ridge on the right a pilot is flying towards you what action should you take? What other problems should you look out for?


9: What is air speed and ground speed?


10: You are flying into a head wind of 10mph.Your glider has a top speed of 15mph. What is your ground speed?


11: You are flying into wind at 1,000ft agl and you see a landing below. Wind speed is 20mph your and glider has a max speed of 20mph. What would you expect the wind speed to be in the landing? (In the Uk)


12: Making a turn- what should you do first?


13: It is 18mph to 20mph on take off. Would you consider this to be gusty? (In the winter)


14: Angle of attack- what is it?


15: Leading edge- what part of the glider is this? 16: Arriving on the flying site, what should be the first thing that you should do?


Club Pilot 1: At 2,000ft above the ridge, you see a sailplane on a head on path to yourself. Who has right of way?


2: You are at 200ft above the ridge heading out to a thermal source .A glider to your right is also heading to this thermal source. Who has right of way?


3: You are on take off ready for launch and see a pilot coming into land. It is a busy day- should you take off as there would be enough time to launch?


4: Glider enters a flat spin (this could be because you have applied too much brake on one side and let up on the other side) What will happen to the glider and what should you do?


5: V.M.C- what is it?


6: Night flying- what are the rules?


7: Big ears- what is it and what effects does this have on your flight?


8: Speed bar and trim tabs- explain the purpose of these pieces of equipment.


9: Cross bracing- what does it do?


10: Profile drag ? Explain.


11: Induced drag ? Explain.


12: Parasitic drag ?Explain.


13: A.T.Z - What is it?


14: M.A.T.Z - What is it?


15: Cirrus cloud- what height ? 16: Buys Ballots Law- explain what this means?


17: Can you fly cross country with club rating?



Pilot exam


1: C.A.A allow pilots to be towed to what height?


2: V.M.C below 3,000ft- what are the rules?


3: 500ft rule- what is it?


4: What height can you fly to using a 1.250,000 air chart?


5: What is D306/10 on a uk air chart?


6: A.T.Z -what are the dimensions?


7: M.A.T.Z -what are the dimensions?


8: Night flying -what are the rules?


9: Red and green lights fired every 10 seconds- what does this mean?


10: NOTAM's-, what are they? 11: V.M.C/ V.F.R/ S.R.Z/ I.M.C/ A.I.A.A- what do they stand for?


12: Chord line - describe. 13: Centre of pressure -describe.


14: Altimeters work on what ? 15: Polar curves-describe.


16: Warm front- what are the cloud formations?


17: Cold front- name the clouds?


18: Air temperature 27c. Dew point 12c. Cloud base is what?


19: Radiation fog is ?


20: Katabatic / Anabatic. Explain.


21: Isobars- what are they ?


22: Veered and/or backed- what do these mean?


23: Halo around the moon- what does it indicate?


24: Change of pressure- 1mb equals how many feet ?


25: Q.N.H, Q.F.E- what are they short for ?


26: Q.N.H is 1,009 mbs, launch site 1,350ft A.M.S.L- what is the Q.F.E in mbs?


27: What is D.A.L.R ?


Answers to Elementary questions.


1: Must be worn from elementary and for ten hours post club pilot.


2: Static kiting is band practice ( People used to tie themselves to a fixed object ).


3: A stalled wing is when the airflow is no longer on the top surface of the wing.


4: Low pressure anti clockwise.


5: High pressure rotates clockwise.


6: A wing produces lift by moving forward through the air. 2/3rds lift on the top and 1/3rd below. Low pressure is on the top, high is on the under surface of the wing.


7: Wing collapsed on the left- first keep your course/direction now put your weight onto the flying side of the wing and pump out the wing by long hard pumps on the brake.


8: You should keep your course as the pilot with the ridge on the right has right of way. Watch out for any wake turbulence from the pilot passing.


9: Ground speed is the pilot moving over the ground, airspeed is the air moving over the wing.


10: Ground speed is 5mph.


11: Speed in the landing will be a lot less, and you could over shoot the landing. Look out for a wind sock it could be limp.


12: Turning? Look first!


13: No, this is not gusty but is on the limit. 50ft above this height the wind could be 25mph. 14: Angle of attack, is your wings angle relative to the wind.( Hands up low angle of attack ). 15: Leading edge is the front of the wing. 16: Monitor the weather conditions for as long as it takes, if not sure do not fly.


Answers to Club pilot questions.


1: No one has right of way as you are both gliders, both break right.


2: The pilot on the right has right of way.


3: The landing pilot has right of way due to the fact you give way to pilots landing. Always allow plenty of time, if it is too busy then pack up and go home.


4: The glider will spin, despite the spin height loss will be slow. Hands up should be applied... watch out for the glider diving in front of you. If it dives this will involve rapid height loss. Watch out for the ridge as you my well be flying towards this, the glider lines may also have become twisted.


Options- throw reserve, try and undo the twist, the glider can be flown by applying big ears, if the lines are in reach. Most important thing to do first is look around, no point in throwing your reserve over a major power line!


5: V.M.C is Visual Meteorological Conditions.


6: Night flying is not allowed/ half hour before sunrise half hour after, watch out for shadows / low sun in face.


7: Big ears is applied when you wish to lose height not- a rapid decent method- drag is increased forward speed will be down.


8: Speed bar and trim tabs allow the pilot to alter the angle of attack- used to move faster through the air. Glide angle will go down sink rate will go up. And usually with the speed bar your glider becomes unstable in strong lift.


9: Cross bracing gives more stability to the wing and reduces the feel of the glider- can be left on and applied in rough conditions, most gliders are tested and certified with this.


10: Profile drag is the friction of the air over the wing.


11: Induced drag is the air flowing off the wing; like a car petrol for fuel- exhaust for the waste. Nothing for free.


12: Parasitic drag is the lines, pilot (form drag) and all that does not produce lift- the faster you fly the more you produce.


13: A.T.Z is an Air Traffic Zone.


14: M.A.T.Z is an Military Air Traffic Zone.


15: Cirrus cloud can be found at an height of 20 000ft.


16: Ballots Law- wind to your back in the northern hemisphere, the low pressure will be to your left.


17: Club pilots cannot fly cross country, only pilot and above.


Answers to Pilot questions.


1: C.A.A towing is the height set on the permit.


2: V.M.C- clear of cloud and in sight of the ground/surface.


3: 500ft rule- clear of persons, vehicles, vessels, except for take off and hill ridge soaring.


4: Map 1.250,000 is up to 3,000ft.


5: D306/10- danger surface up to 10,000ft.


6: Air Traffic Zones- height 2,000ft above ground level, 2 nautical radius with a runway less than 1,850ft. If more than 1,850ft dimensions are increased to 2.5 nautical radius.


7: Military Air Traffic Zone dimensions are, 3,000ft above ground level, 5 nautical miles radius, with a stub of width of 4 nautical miles with a pan handle of 5 nautical miles and 1,000ft above ground level reaching a height of 3,000ft. Still unsure then think of a saucepan.


8: Night flying rules are -do not! You can fly half hour before sunrise and half hour after sunset.


9: Red and green light fired into the air- you are in restrictive area, divert from course and leave the area.


10: NOTAM's are notifications to all pilots normally found posted in an airports.


11: Visual Meteorological Conditions,Visual Flight Rules, Special Rules Zone, Instrument Meteorological Conditions, Area of Intensive Aerial Activity.


12: Chord line- a line that is drawn through the center of the glider from the trailing edge to the leading edge.


13: Is above the pilot while in flight, and is just behind the leading edge of the wing. Is the sum total of all the forces acting together.


14: Altimeters work on pressure.


15: Polar curves are a way of measuring the gliders speed, sink rate etc.


16: Warm front clouds start with cirrus 30,000ft cirrus stratus 20,000ft, alto stratus 10,000ft nimbus stratus right on top the hill.


17: Cold front clouds start with cumulus, cumulonimbus.


18: Cloud base 6,000ft, 27 - 12 x 400=cloud base 6,000ft.


19: Radiation fog is March to October, light winds mixing air, clear sky's. Think of a grave yard and a man in a long black cloak.


20: Katabatic= heavy cold air falling, this could be found at the end of the day in summer in a valley. The side that is in shadow is now cool dense/heavy and falls down and pushes the air up on the other side giving a smooth flight. Watch out when taking of late at night in the Alps your flight might have to change. Anabatic= air flow up a slope.


21: Lines of equal pressure.


22: Clock wise and anti clock wise.


23: Coming of a warm front.


24: 30ft


25: Questionable Field Elevation, Questionable Nautical Height.


26: Divide 30 into 1,350ft= 45: Take 45 from 1,009mbs= 964mbs.


27: Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate.


Free flash cards questions relate to the Pilots exam!